Written by: Mike Rice
Evaluation Process; the role of the environmental assessment, is to recommend preferred corridors and technologies.
Corridor Level Screening; i) develop long list of alternatives, ii) define corridor assessment criteria, iii) define detailed assessment criteria.
Preferred Corridors; i) develop a network of alternatives, technology revisited, ii) network assessment, define network criteria à preferred network, iii) Argyle Dundas East was 8th on the list, because of low employment density and growth and low congestion.
The evaluation process has led to preliminary corridors. These connect major destinations across the city. Rapid transit approaches may not look at each corridor.
Design will be based upon road width, target spreads for transit vehicles, cost, environmental and cultural heritage consideration.
Focus Areas Downtown
The two areas need to connect at a single, convenient transfer point, while servicing major destinations; train, bus station etc. The area has unique challenges and opportunities which require further study and input. The CPR crossing on Richmond St. is a barrier, a narrow road width, existing buildings, the river nearby, which lead to constraints with the available options.
Construct rapid transit tunnel from north of Central Ave. to north of Oxford St. This would allow vehicles to remain on schedule while freight trains cross.
Old East Village; the area is a “
main street” with narrow roadways and buildings built to the edge of the sidewalk, that create a distinct character.
Two-way rapid transit on Dundas St. leaves little room for traffic movement and parking.
King St. is an established major cycling corridor, eastbound which should be maintained.
Queens Ave., within the area is predominately residential. This is not suitable for rapid transit.
Western University; is the largest transit trip destination in London. Providing a central stop location on campus is important to maximizing coverage. The university master plan recognizes that rapid transit as an important tool for managing parking demand.
Rapid Transit Elements
Can carry 15,000 passengers every hour in each direction
Is confined to its track so it requires more people in “transfer” mode.
Can cost $40 to $100 million per route kilometer
Is a smooth fast ride and is perceived as an attractive choice by riders.
The permanency of rails provides assurances to the developer that the transit will stay.
Vehicles can be joined.
Requires a new maintenance and storage facility.
Bus Rapid Transit
Can carry up to 10,000 passengers in each direction.
Vehicles run primarily in dedicated lanes, but can operate in mixed traffic.
Has the flexibility to operate outside of dedicated lanes.
Vehicles are high capacity, accessible and offer comfortable seating.
Shops and Stations
The LRT and BRT stations and stop locations share many of the same characteristics. The permanency of stations and running way provide assurance for the development along the corridors.